December 28, 1860 The South Carolina Convention met on November 20.  An ordinance was passed unanimously by 169 people, declaring that “the union now subsisting between South Carolina and the…

Read More Secession Agreed Upon

1860 Secession

1860 Churches Parker, Theodore Phillips, Wendell

December 14, 1860 A long article, signed by C.K.W., gives a detailed account of the event, including an account of the re-convened meeting at the Joy Street church.  Among those…

Read More Notes on the Tremont Temple Mob

1860 Anti-Slavery Organizations Chapman, Maria Weston Douglass, Frederick Phillips, Wendell

1860 Anti-Abolition Anti-Slavery Organizations Violence vs. Garrison & Others

November 23, 1860 The story is of a large gathering, Nov. 17th, in Charleston, S.C., hoisting the State flag, with the people “vowing that the stars and stripes would never…

Read More Inauguration of the Rebellion

1860 Secession

November 23, 1860 An account of a recent meeting of the School Street Universalist Church, “to consider the suffering condition of our frontier Indians”. Those present resolve to call for…

Read More Meeting on Behalf of Indians

1860 Churches Indians

November 23, 1860 An urgent appeal for “every family and every person”, to continue the two-year campaign to have the “no slave-hunting” legislation adopted in the state.

Read More No Slave-Hunting in Massachusetts

1860 Fugitive Slave Laws Massachusetts Legislature


November 2, 1860 This article, from the N.Y. Journal of Commerce, appears in the Refuge of Oppression column. A few words give a sense of its point.  “The native African…

Read More Foreign Slave Trade a Blessing

1860 Anti-Abolition Pro-Slavery Slave Trade

October 26, 1860 Here, on the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of this event, is a full page from the Liberator of Nov 7, 1835, a letter about the event from George Thompson,…

Read More The Boston Mob of 1835

1860 Boston Massacre

September 21, 1860 This letter to Garrison, comes from William Wells Brown, who has been in Vermont for four weeks. He comments that the fact that Republicans control the elections,…

Read More The Cause in Vermont

1860 Brown, William Wells Vermont

September 7, 1860 Here is a letter to Garrison,  written from London, in which Thompson tells of his improved health, and that he has been able to complete forty or…

Read More Letter from George Thompson

1860 Thompson, George

August 10, 1860 This article begins with a commendation of the American Missionary Association, as a “thoroughly Anti-Slavery body, which “bears a vigorous and active testimony against our country’s great…

Read More Limitations of Church Anti-Slavery

1860 Churches

1860 Separate schools

August 3, 1860 Three lines:  ‘The latest news from New Orleans, dated July l30th, is that two Abolitionists have been hung in Texas for distributing arms and inciting slaves to…

Read More Abolitionists hung, in Texas

1860 Anti-Abolition

August 3, 1860 Signed by  C.K.W., this brief article is titled, Hot, Cold or Lukewarm?  It recalls the separation of the Boston Society from the National Society, and charges that,…

Read More Boston Tract Society and Slavery

1860 Churches

August 3, 1860 A brief article from the Traveler, tells of American vessels in the Congo river, in June. The article implicates English vessels also, in a conspiratorial effort to…

Read More From the Slaving Fleet

1860 Slave Trade

1860 Brown, John

July 20, 1860 A story from Clifton, Illinois, telling of a band of nine men from Missouri, who kidnapped three colored men living in that town.  Two others got away.…

Read More Infamous Outrage in Illinois

1860 Slave Trade

1860 Lincoln, Abraham Republican Party

1860 Tubman, Harriet Women rights

1860 Parker, Theodore Sumner, Charles

June 29, 1860 Here is a story of Cassius Clay, winning “another victory for free speech, at Richmond, Ky”. The story indicates that he had publicly announced his intention to…

Read More Cassius Clay and Free Speech

1860 Clay, Cassius Republican Party

1860 Parker, Theodore

June 15, 1860 A single, two-sided sheet EXTRA edition, with focus on the speech by Charles Sumner, “The Barbarism of Slavery”, addressing a Bill for the Admission of Kansas as…

Read More Liberator EXTRA

1860 Kansas Liberator Sumner, Charles

June 15, 1860 A report of meeting at the Joy-Street Church, in response to the Veto by Governor Banks of a vote to remove the word “white” from the statute…

Read More Meeting of Colored Citizens

1860 Military - Colored

June 15, 1860 A story of the anniversary of the group, held at the Tremont Temple.  Among the resolutions adopted is one which urges the Society “to give expression to…

Read More Church Anti-Slavery Society

1860 Churches

1860 Political Anti-Slavery Association

June 8, 1860 Here are speeches, in praise and memory of Parker, by Samuel J. May, Wendell Phillips, Garrison, J. Freeman Clarke, and others.

Read More Theodore Parker

1860 Parker, Theodore

June 1, 1860 The death of Parker, in Florence, on the 10th of May, is announced.  “Few men have ever possessed such powers of analysis and classification, reasoning from cause…

Read More Death of Theodore Parker

1860 Parker, Theodore

May 11, 1860 “A Democratic orator, addressing a meeting of his party in Philadelphia lately, exclaimed, –‘if any one dares to come into my neighborhood and preach such treason as…

Read More Free Speech, the Democratic Party

1860 Anti-Abolition

May 11, 1860 The office of the Mass. Anti-Slavery Society, and of the Liberator, have been moved from 21 Cornhill to the Washington building, 221 Washington Street,, directly opposite Franklin…

Read More New office of Liberator

1860 Liberator

May 11, 1860 The article includes portions of a printed copy of a Report on the Coolie Trade made to the US House of Representatives, by the Hon. Mr. Eliot…

Read More The Horrible Coolie Trade

1860 Slave Trade

1860 O'Connell, Daniel

April 13, 1860 The story from Concord, where United States officers forcibly arrested Sanborn, creating “intense excitement” in the town. They intended to take him to Washington “to answer for…

Read More Attempt to Arrest F. B. Sanborn

1860 Sanborn, F.B.

1860 Churches

April 13, 1860 Under the Refuge of  Oppression column, an article, criticizes the enactment of Personal Liberty Laws, indicating that many in states where they have been enacted have “allowed…

Read More Personal Liberty Laws

1860 Fugitive Slave Laws

1860 Petition Drives

March 23, 1860 A full two columns of this edition are devoted to this topic, translated for the Liberator.  The items are signed by the President and three Vice Presidents…

Read More Honors Paid to John Brown in Hayti

1860 Brown, John Haiti

March 16, 1860 From Le Progres, in Hayti, comes an article calling upon people to go to “the subscription offices opened in every town, to honor the memory of John…

Read More John Brown in Hayti

1860 Brown, John Haiti

March 16, 1860 The story of “one of the military companies who wish to be paid for their services in exterminating the poor savages.  The recital is a horrible one.”…

Read More Massacre of Indians in California

1860 Indians

1860 Boston Massacre Nell, William Cooper Rock, John

1860 Seward, William

March 9, 1860 Comments on the speech, generally find it praiseworthy, but conclude in part, with a comment from  the editor,  pointing out some “objectionable features of the speech –…

Read More Speech of Hon. William H. Seward

1860 Complicity of North Seward, William

March 2, 1860 Lydia Maria Child writes glowingly of a bust of John Brown.  “Walking up Washington Street, one may see plenty of rich jewelry sparkling in the windows, graceful…

Read More Brackett’s Bust of John Brown

1860 Brown, John Child, Lydia Maria

1860 Military - Colored Rock, John

February 24, 1860 In a long article, there is this item, giving substance to Garrison’s long debate with the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.  “Then again, the Congregationalist…

Read More Attitude of the Chuch toward the slave

1860 Churches

1860 Rhode Island Separate schools

February 3, 1860 Written from Rome, Dec 24, 1859, there are extracts from a letter written to a friend in Boston.   Commenting on news of the execution of Brown:  “Of…

Read More Letter from Theodore Parker

1860 Brown, John Parker, Theodore

January 27, 1860 Whittier fells that in Garrison’s recent comments regarding his poems about Brown, has implied that he, Whittier, has relinquished previous strong pledges in abhorrence of war and…

Read More Letter from J. G. Whittier

1860 Brown, John Non-Resistance Whittier, John Greenleaf