January 4, 1861 “We commence a new decade with the same confidence in the principles we espouse, the same assurance of success in the cause we advocate, that we felt…

Read More Thirty Years Completed

1861 Liberator

January 11, 1861 Virginia, Orange County —- People from this county in Virginia pass resolutions, including:  “the cotton states will secede; that their destiny is our destiny; and that Virginia…

Read More Secession Meetings

1861 Secession

January 11, 1861 “The Editor has been too ill to be able to give any attention to the Liberator this week.”

Read More Editor’s illness

1861 Garrison health Liberator

January 18, 1861 Charles C. Burleigh writes from Florence, telling of two evenings in succession when he was accosted by a mob when giving anti-slavery speeches.  On the second evening,…

Read More Mobocracy at Westfield

1861 Violence vs. Garrison & Others

January 18, 1861 “The ship Lesbia, under French colors, (supposed to be the ship Montauk of New York,) was recently taken by a Spanish steamer of war, and brought into…

Read More Slave trading

1861 Slave Trade

January 25, 1861 An urgent call for people to return signed petitions against Slave-hunting in Massachusetts, to then be laid before the legislature. “Now, while the concessionists are at work……

Read More Send in the Petitions

1861 Fugitive Slave Laws Massachusetts Legislature Petition Drives

February 1, 1861 Garrison’s letter indicates that he has been ill eighteen days, and that today’s meeting of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society will be the first of its annual meetings…

Read More Garrison’s illness

1861 Anti-Slavery Organizations Garrison health

February 8, 1861 This article recounts a debate in the Massachusetts House of Representatives over a motion to allow the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society the use of Representatives Hall, in consequence…

Read More The Legislature and Free Speech

1861 Anti-Slavery Organizations Massachusetts Legislature

February 8, 1861 There is one brief article from Parker Pillsbury, telling of a mob which interrupted an abolition meeting in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and a second letter from Susan…

Read More Pro-Slavery Mobs

1861 Anthony, Susan B. Violence vs. Garrison & Others

February 15, 1861 “The Union formed in 1789 is at last dissolved through the secession, without cause, of six of the slave States, the complicity of the remainder, and the…

Read More No Union with Slaveholders!

1861 Buchanan, James Davis, Jefferson Secession

1861 Females

March 8, 1861 Commenting on the address, which appears in preceding columns, the article makes several points. “His argument against Southern secessionists is compact and conclusive.” “The position of the…

Read More Mr. Lincoln’s Inaugural Address

1861 Lincoln, Abraham

March 8, 1861 A report of actions taken by the group, meeting in Boston, in Allston Hall, on the 26th of February.   Resolutions include an assertion that there is no…

Read More Convention for the Indians

1861 Indians


March 22, 1861 Here is a letter from Garrison, to John S. Rarey, Esq.   The editor affirms a recent speech in which Rarey has spoken about the humane treatment of…

Read More The Treatment of Animals

1861 Liberator

April 12, 1861 In the Refuge of Oppression column, from the Savannah Republican, is a brief article in which a slave, Harrison Berry, is cited as having written why “slavery…

Read More A Slave Advocating Slavery

1861 Anti-Abolition

1861 Disunion Secession

April 19, 1861 Other headlines for this article are:  The Federal Capital in Danger, Thousands of Troops Mustering, The North United At Last. “Hostilities have for the present ceased, and…

Read More Civil War Begun!!! Fort Sumter Captured

1861 Civil War

1861 Civil War

1861 Russia

April 26, 1861 Notice is given that the scheduled meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society has been postponed.  “The reason given includes factors “arising from the treasonable attempt of the…

Read More The Annual Meeting Postponed

1861 Civil War

1861 Brown, William Wells Civil War

1861 Military - Colored

1861 Civil War

May 10, 1861 A letter to Garrison is signed “M”.  The author decries the information that Millard Fillmore has accepted an invitation to preside at the Unitarian’s Annual Festival, to…

Read More Millard Fillmore and the Unitarians

1861 Churches Filmore, Millard

May 17, 1861 The letter is from Garrison, addressed to a meeting to be held at the Joy Street Church, by colored citizens, some of whom have asked for his…

Read More Letter on Haytien Emigration

1861 Colonization, Anti-colonization Haiti

May 17, 1861 An account of an “animated and protracted”  meeting at the Joy Street church,  at which the gathered colored people pass resolutions clearly opposing the emigration “scheme”.

Read More Anti-Haytien Emigration Meeting

1861 Colonization, Anti-colonization Haiti

June 7, 1861 This notice lists the reasons why Douglas “had been all that the South desired”.  “a more unscrupulous politician, however, has never made his appearance on the American…

Read More Death of Senator Douglas

1861 Douglas, Stephen

1861 Civil War

June 14, 1861 Comment is made on recent attempts in the Mass. legislature to remove the word “white” from the militia law. Though those efforts have not yet been successful,…

Read More Equal Militia Rights

1861 Military - Colored

June 21, 1861 Addressed to Garrison, from Central City, Colorado Territory, the author affirms that though Lincoln and his army “will not avow to the world that the abolition of…

Read More Letter from Charles Stearns

1861 Stearns, Charles

June 28, 1861 Writing to Garrison, from London, Thompson affirms that he is “not discouraged because the abolition of slavery is not one of the declared objects of the President…

Read More Letter from George Thompson

1861 Thompson, George

1861 Nell, William Cooper

July 12, 1861 A small item at the bottom of a page:  “The President’s Message was communicated to Congress on Friday last.  It is of moderate length, dispassionate but firm…

Read More The President’s Message

1861 Civil War Lincoln, Abraham

July 26, 1861 Under the Refuge of Oppression column, from the Bloomington (Ill) Times, is a sarcastic article about “this barbarous civil war”… “Let’s smash up things generally, and return…

Read More Hurrah for the War!

1861 Anti-Abolition Civil War

August 23, 1861 From the New Bedford Republican Standard,  the article asserts that “Twelve thousand slaves, we are told, are employed by the traitors at Manassas, in building their fortifications…

Read More How the Rebels Use the Slaves

1861 Civil War

August 23, 1861 Signed by “A.W.”, this brief article asserts that,  “All the leading journals in the loyal States deny that the slavery question  has any thing to do with…

Read More The Cause of the War

1861 Civil War

September 6, 1861 The article is by “C.K.W.”, and is written in response to a correspondent of the Independent, who has “argued against a proposal that the President proclaim freedom…

Read More “Who Will Carry the Proclamation?”

1861 Civil War Lincoln, Abraham

September 20, 1861 The article first commends the action of Gen. Fremont, “emancipating under martial law all the slaves belonging to the rebel slaveholders in Missouri”.  It then notes that…

Read More The Government Subverting Itself

1861 Adams, John Quincy Civil War Lincoln, Abraham

September 27, 1861 Here is the text of the memorial, addressed to the Congress of the United States.  It includes: “.your honorable body is urgently implored to lose no time…

Read More Memorial of the People to Congress

1861 Civil War Petition Drives

1861 Civil War Runaway slaves

1861 Military - Colored

1861 Civil War Howe, Julia Ward

November 15, 1861 A speech, delivered by Smith, at Rev. Dr. Cheever’s church, in New York, fills over two columns here.  The theme is clear.  “AS GOD LIVES AND REIGNS,…

Read More Letter from Gerrit Smith

1861 Smith, Gerrit

1861 Jackson, Francis

November 22, 1861 William Cooper Nell writes to Garrison, and encloses a petition, to the General Court of Massachusetts, printed here. The petition calls for the legislature to strike the…

Read More Equal Rights Petition

1861 Petition Drives

November 29, 1861 The present Mayor, Joseph M. Wightman, is a candidate for re-election.  He is characterized here as “pro-slavery in spirit and purpose, and demoralized and vulgar in character.” …

Read More Municipal Election

1861 Freedom of Speech

December 13, 1861 At a recent meeting of the School Committee, Charles W. Slack, who had submitted the report and bill by which “separate schools” had been abolished six years…

Read More Colored Youth in Boston Schools

1861 Separate schools